The Bangladesh Professional River Transport Industry

23 May 2020 2:10 PM
The country of Bangladesh includes a population of some 170 million people with over 3,800 kilometers of all year round navigable waterways and almost 6,000 kilometers of rainy monsoon season navigable waterways. As the capital of Dhaka is usually Asia’s fastest growing town with some 18 million human population and streets clogged with gradual moving traffic, the country includes a thriving river boat industry that bears both freight and passengers. There remains potential to introduce overseas maritime waterway developments in to the Bangladesh waterway sector to enhance viability and efficiency.


Intercity river boat solutions operate between more than a few cities in the nation of Bangladesh where handful of bridges cross key navigable rivers and bring about highway distances greatly exceeding waterway sailing distances. One such river website link connects the capital metropolis of Dhaka and the City of Barisal (pop. 400,000) with several businesses competing for freight and passenger site visitors. The navigable eastern section of Ganges Rivers flows through Bangladesh where it turns into the Padma River that flows in to the Meghna River that empties in to the Bay of Bengal. 

River transport working with steam powered vessels began during the era of British rule. Currently day, waterway transportation in your community incurs much lower operating cost than any railway, truck or bus transport. Consequently, river boat operators demand really competitive tariffs to attract freight and passenger site visitors, usually on several vessels. Passenger vessels named launches operate profitably having capacity loads of passengers, with boat operators once in a while loading passenger vessels beyond style capacity. A government body named the Bangladesh Inland Waterway Transportation Authority sets style standards for vessels and regulates the operation of passenger and cargo vessels along their incredibly extensive waterway system.

Passenger Transportation

The region’s passenger river transportation industry carries extra intercity travelers at lower cost compared to the railway or intercity bus industry. While smaller vessels that hold up to two-levels of passengers ply the shallower and not as much heavily populated river channels, much bigger vessels that carry up to four-levels of passengers sail along key river channels between large cities. Competing private corporations personal and operate the biggest of the river launch vessels that all carries the same as several trainloads of passengers. The reduced tariffs attract sufficiently large amounts of passengers to sustain profitable procedure of the river boats known as launches.

A good domestic industry that employs a substantial workforce designs and builds passenger vessels while competing companies offering passenger transportation services as well employs a substantial workforce. A few firms have recently launched twin hull catamaran vessels that take three-levels of passengers. These vessels operate the same routes, sail at larger speed and take fewer passengers than the much larger four-level mono-hull vessels. Overnight variations of the vessels carry market travelers who sleep on mats on the lower level floors and extra upscale clientele who travel in more high-class accommodations that involve hotel style bedrooms on the top levels. 


Overcrowding is common aboard most market ferry start vessels that often sail found in convoys between key river cities. Several times each year, a few passenger river vessels capsize along the rivers, with overcrowding either being truly a direct or indirect trigger, such as whenever a wave strikes a vessel triggering it to destabilize and capsize. The ongoing occurrence of overcrowding shows that either vessels are also small or that program frequency is also low. The inland waterway transport authority sets maximal dimension limits for passenger vessels, leading to vibrant competition amidst rival private companies.

On most routes, the volume of passenger traffic sustains the procedure of several practically fully loaded passenger launches that depart almost concurrently and sail in convoys along the waterways. It isn't uncommon for many of these large launches to sail parallel and also close to each other, reducing dynamic normal water pressure between your hulls and sometimes delicately bumping sideways into one another. For the majority of the nation’s citizens, river boats offer the only affordable method of intercity transport. The chronic roadway traffic jams that take place in the important cities improve the attractiveness and reputation of river travel.   

Hydrofoils and Efficiency

Recent developments linked to hull technology offer the promise of slightly bettering the fuel efficiency of a few of the river vessels. One innovation from the Netherlands consists of mounting a hydrofoil named a Hull Vane at the stern of the vessel, triggering it to ride somewhat higher in the normal water. The device offers potential fuel savings of 10 percent at 12 knots sailing speed, attained by flattening the wave behind the stern, a prevalent occurrence on the large river vessels. The chance of fuel cost savings could inspire some operators to judge the device that could potentially improve stern steadiness on overcrowded vessels.

At present, the catamaran river vessels sail without hydrofoils. As the addition of the Hull Vane technology is possible at the stern of a catamaran vessel to boost vessel fuel efficiency, addititionally there is the potential to set up a hydrofoil between the twin hulls near to the bow. The combination of forward and back hydrofoils supplies the possibility of creating the twin hulls to journey higher in the normal water, reducing overall water drag and supplying potential to reduce fuel consumption. It is opportunity that owners of catamaran river vessels could even more evaluate this.

Freight Vessels

The comprehensive network of navigable waterways results in a vibrant river transportation freight industry, including vessels that sail between India and Bangladesh. In the curiosity of increasing sailing economics between your Ganges River and India’s Assam province, India just lately negotiated to dredge some waterways positioned in Bangladesh. Freight vessels happen to be comparatively small and privately owned, with potential to develop longer vessels if the inland waterway authority had been ready to examine some tested overseas waterway technology that could be adapted to sail the inland waterways of Bangladesh and India.

One technical probability involves tug barges, with a good tug pressing and navigating a barge. Removing engines and fuel tanks from a vessel boosts payload capacity. High traffic density sails along the inland waterways and the lack of navigation locks could enable the operation of lengthwise coupled barges with a tug pushing and navigating at the stern and a second tug pulling from prior to the bow. Lengthwise coupled barges provide potential to lessen fuel consumption to that of one vessel, while carrying double to payload. Negotiation between India and Bangladesh on near future vessel size will be required.

Tug Barges

Tug-barges regularly sail through coastal channels of the American intra-coastal waterway program, where wave circumstances are less severe than on coastal sea. While wind driven waves arise along the Ganges, Padma and Meghna Rivers, these waves happen to be many smaller than ocean coastal waves. Heavy vessel traffic along key inland waterways and bridge design and style would restrict tug-barges to the width of a single vessel and including up to three barges coupled lengthwise staying pushed and navigated by a stern tug and assisted by a leading tug pulling at the assembly bow, either directly connected or linked via towing cable.

Asian waterway transportation offers lower transportation tariffs and incurs lower operating costs than commercial highway and railway transportation. The Bangladesh inland waterway transport authority would have to decide concerning whether to permit freight transporting tug-barges to sail along their rivers. There may likely be need for discussions with Indian authorities on the opportunity tug-barges sailing from the Padma River in Bangladesh into the eastern portion of the Ganges River. Combinations of crew managed bow and stern tugs navigating coupled barge tows would give savings in transportation strength, thereby reducing freight transportation cost.

Two-Section Passenger Launch

Research features been undertaken in america that has focused on possible two-section ships capable of sailing on the North American Upper Great Lakes together with along the low Mississippi River. The configuration is founded on that of a tug-barge, except that the driven second section of ship methods 50 to 60 percent the space of the frontward or barge section of ship. Tug-barges possess sailed as quickly as 13.5 knots along the Mississippi River, suggesting potentially bigger sailing rate for a two-section deliver along inland waterways including the Padma and Meghna Rivers.

Granted the overcrowding problem that occurs on several of the release vessels, the option of extending the entire amount of the vessel offers potential to transport more passengers with fewer occurrences of overcrowding. There is normally potential to adapt the same kind of transverse coupling hinge applied along the Mississippi River to be employed to a two-section passenger start intended for Asian inland waterway provider. Naval architects, ship designers and maritime experts in your community along the Bangladesh Inland Waterway Transport Authority would need to evaluate conceivable layouts of two-section launches for domestic passenger transportation.